Nuclear Stability Model

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Nuclear Stability Model

The Nuclear Stability Model that is shown on the back cover is a composite, sequential model of all the known elements, and the unnamed and undiscovered elements from atomic number 104 to 112. It contains 112 Promestones and 160 neutrons. Each is labeled with the element symbol and atomic weight of the nucleus that is formed with the addition of that particular nucleon. Each proton is represented by a pink circle and each neutron by a yellow box. The meson that is attached to each proton is colored to match its element group on the periodic table below.

Up to the isotope Bismuth-209, which is the heaviest known stable isotope, all nucleons in this model form stable isotopes when they are added to a nucleus, except for atomic weights 5 and 8, and the Promestones that form technetium and promethium. The Promestones and neutrons added after Bismuth-209 follow a line through the longest lived isotopes of those elements.

The periodic table presented is different from the “standard” periodic table in that lutetium and lawrencium are moved from the last places in the Lanthanides and Actinides up into the main body of the table. This is because these two elements are each formed with the addition of a Scandium Ear and not with a Chromium Cross or Copper Ball as are the other Lanthanide and Actinide elements.

The periodic table is divided into 13 different groups, each with its own color. Each vertical row of the Lithium Process elements is given a separate color and the elements of each of the four Scandium Processes have different colors.

Silver and cadmium are shown to be the last two elements of the first Scandium Process even though the last two Copper Balls of this process were formed with palladium. This is to maintain symmetry in both the structure of the model and the coloring system. The Lithium Legs that form silver and cadmium first became part of the nuclear structure with the formation of rubidium and strontium and then moved down into the internal nuclear structure during the formation of ruthenium and palladium. Rather than label these two Lithium Legs twice, it makes more sense to label the last two protons of palladium’s Copper Balls as silver and cadmium. These elements are thus considered to be the last two members of the first Scandium Process rather than members of the fourth Lithium Process even though they are each formed by the addition of a Lithium Leg. The above explanation is also applicable to gold and mercury, and to elements #111 and #112.