The perfect record of every change in motion that a body has undergone is revealed in its present state of motion. Every time a body’s state of motion is changed the parameters of its mass and time are also altered in their absolute values. The kinetic masses of each proton and each electron have been changed by the Lorentz Transformation countless times in their past histories of motion. In cosmic rays, a particle’s kinetic mass can be increased to a million of times its rest mass. Yet, bring any two protons or any two electrons together within the same inertial reference frame and it will be found that the sum total of their many different mass changes is exactly the same for each. They will have exactly the same mass. What this means is that all matter was created in the same inertial reference frame.
If this was not so, then all electrons and all protons in the same inertial frame would not have identical masses. If any two protons were created in different inertial reference frames, the degree of that difference could be easily detected as a difference in mass when one particle is either accelerated or decelerated to the same inertial reference frame of the other. An absolute distinction between intrinsic acceleration and intrinsic deceleration is very difficult to establish experimentally except at velocities approaching the speed of light. At these velocities, a proton’s or electron’s mass is considerably greater than it is in the observer’s inertial reference frame.
A simple example of intrinsic acceleration and deceleration is the case of two trains traveling towards each other at 100 m.p.h. on the same track along the Equator. When the engineer in each train sees the other, they both slam on their brakes and the trains come to a stop just before they collide.
When we put accelerometers on the trains, we measure that each train changed its state of motion by 100 mph. Whether these two opposite changes in motion were accelerations or decelerations must be decided by the observer in a purely arbitrary manner because accelerometers cannot distinguish between acceleration and deceleration. For most practical purposes we would want to view both trains as having decelerated. However, we know that Earth’s surface is rotating eastward at approximately 1000 mph. This means that the eastbound train was traveling 1100 m.p.h. and then decelerated to 1000 mph and that the westbound train was traveling at 900 mph and that the braking process accelerated it to 1000 mph. As we take a larger perspective, we encounter greater and greater velocities.
The Earth’s orbital velocity is almost 19 miles/second (.00001 C). The sun’s orbital velocity around the Milky Way is about 150 miles/sec (.00008 C). Then ultimately the motion of Earth relative to the photons of the 2.7°K cosmic background radiation (2.7°CBR) is about 375 kilometers/sec (.00013 C) in the direction of Leo (.00013 C = red and blue shifts of .00013 λ and mass increases of 1.000000017). The Milky Way, as a whole, moves at about 600 km/s (.0002C) relative to the 2.7°CBR.
This 2.7° CBR motion is not relative and identifies Earth’s true and absolute motion through the universal inertial reference frame through which all photons travel at the speed of light. Since the 2.7°CBR photons come equally from all directions, the .00013 blue shift in Leo and the .00013 red shift in the opposite direction are true measures of Earth’s absolute motion through a fixed, stable and yet imaginary absolute space. Because of this motion, Earth’s mass has increased by:
Earth’s mass = 5.979×1024 kg x .000000017 = 100,000,000,000,000,000 kg
This represents an intrinsic kinetic energy of: E = MC2 = 9 x 1034 joules
This energy is equal to the total output of the sun for several years. The two trains share this increased mass with Earth so that a 5,000,000 kg train would have an increase in mass of 10 kg and representing a kinetic energy of 9 x 1017joules that is equal to about 100,000,000 tons of TNT. A 100-kg passenger on the train has an increased mass of 200 milligrams and a kinetic energy of 1.8 x 1013 joules, which is about equal to the first atomic bomb exploded in New Mexico.
Even though an observer cannot detect these increases in mass here on Earth, they are very real indeed to the atoms making up that observer.
The mass of each atom maintains a perfect accounting of every change in motion that the atom and its constituent particles have experienced since they were created. Every time the atom is accelerated its mass increases and every time it is decelerated its mass is decreased. While motion may appear virtually relative to even the most careful observer, it is actually perfectly absolute for each particle in the universe. Each atom’s absolute and perfect motion is the reason that identical atoms and particles have exactly the same mass within the same inertial reference frame. Even though their past records of accelerations and decelerations may be quite different and both particles may have had greatly different masses for much of their existence when they are accelerated or decelerated to the same place their masses become equal.