### The Antitheory of Physics

The principle of Absolute Motion combined with the principle of Circlon Synchronicity is the antithesis to the group of theories known as the Standard Model of Physics. The phenomenon of gravitational expansion is the exact opposite of the model of gravity described in the theory of general relativity. The mathematics and the experimental measurements are much the same, but the ideas explaining the true dynamics of gravity are the mirror images of one another. In the same way Absolute Motion is the reverse idea to relative motion in Special Relativity. E=MC2 is valid in both theories, but it means the opposite thing in each. Mass and energy remain constant in the principle of Absolute Motion but are interchangeable in relativity theory. The point particles of quantum mechanics interact in an opposite manner to the circlon shaped particles of Circlon Synchronicity. While the location of a quantum particle’s point is uncertain, the location of the circlon particle’s complex shape is exact. The quantum points never touch and interact through waves within their fields. Circlon shaped particles have no fields and only interact through physical contact with one another.

General Relativity acquires gravitational motion through local changes in the intervals of time and infinite changes in the dimensions of space. Falling bodies do not accelerate to Earth. The space that they occupy is continually “curved” into the ground. The idea is that because the space-time that it occupies “moves” with a falling body, its change in motion cannot be detected experimentally. All measurements are done from the perspective of a rising earth and a stationary falling body. Then the measurements are extrapolated mentally by the observer to the idea of a falling body accelerating toward a stationary earth. This leads to the idea that motion is relative because some kinds of acceleration can’t be detected and some measured acceleration is stationary. Since true and absolute motion cannot be measured it does not exist.

Gravitational Expansion describes gravitational motion as local changes in the physical dimensions of each body of matter. This expansion of matter is measured as acceleration at the surface of bodies but when viewed relative to the changing values of space and time it becomes a constant velocity. Time has no physical existence other than as an idea by which the motion of matter can be measured and quantified. Time is the standardized measure of motion. It is measured inertially as the motion of one body relative to another or gravitationally as the motion of a body’s surface relative to its center of gravity. As the absolute dimensions of matter change, the parameters of length and mass by which time is measured are also changed. These changes cause clocks to slow in proportion to matter’s expansion. The idea of time stays constant with the dimensions of matter but its absolute intervals increase with matter’s absolute size. As the values of length and time change, so do the measures of mass. The absolute values of mass, space and time all change simultaneously, making the changes undetectable to the observer except by the acceleration that these changes produce. Falling bodies do not undergo changes in motion. It is the upward motion of the expanding earth that collides with motionless “falling” bodies. If all acceleration can be measured then all motion is absolute and each body of matter has an intrinsic position of rest within the void of space. If motion exists then it can’t be relative.

The principle of Gravitational Expansion is the exact opposite to the theory of General Relativity. Both call for the same physical measurements but interpret them from opposite perspectives. In expansion theory, matter and time curve into the surrounding space and in General Relativity, the surrounding space and time curve into matter.

It must be emphasized that the principle of Gravitational Expansion is not a theory because it offers no metaphysical assumptions susceptible to falsification. It is simply a description of the measured dynamics of gravitational and inertial motion. These actual physical measurements do not allow for another interpretation. Any other explanation must introduce a hidden variable that can void actual measurements and that can itself not be measured. This principle interprets all measurements at face value and does not postulate causes or effects that can’t be measured.

### The Principle of Absolute Motion

All measured acceleration produces change in motion and all changes in motion produce measured acceleration. All acceleration relative to the rest frame of the 2.7° Cosmic Background Radiation (photon rest) increases mass and all deceleration relative to photon rest decreases mass. All photons move at C relative to photon rest.

The principle of Absolute Motion is the opposite to the theory of Special Relativity. In Absolute Motion, photons have a mass of (M=E/C2), an energy of (E=MC2/2+Iw2/2) and a momentum of (p=MC). All photons move at C relative to the same absolute rest frame. The energy of the photons produced when particles of matter and antimatter are annihilated is equal to the mass of the particles times the speed of light squared (E=MC2) but there is no conversion of mass to energy because the photons have the same mass as he original particles. The mass of the universe as a whole remains constant. What happens in annihilation is that half of the original particles’ rotational motion is converted into rectilinear motion and the other half remains as spin within the photon’s structure.

In Special Relativity, photons have no mass but have an energy of their momentum times the speed of light (E= pC =MC2). All photons appear to move at C relative to each observer that measures them.

### Circlon Model of Nuclear Structure

The circlon model of nuclear structure is the opposite of the quantum mechanical model of nuclear structure. In the quantum model, the nuclear particles are seen as points surrounded by four different types of fields: Strong, Weak, Electromagnetic and Gravitational. The points never physically touch but interact with one another through their individual fields. Each point has an indeterminate position within a range of space determined by the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle. This probability of a point particle’s position takes the form of quantum waves within the space that it occupies. These quantum waves have a different configuration and character for each of the particle’s four fundamental fields.

In the circlon model, the nuclear particles are seen as a line or “string” that is wound up into a complex series of coils that has a circlon shape. The size, shape and position of the particles are exact and correspond in general to the quantum probability wave of the standard model particles. The Uncertainty Principle defines the size and shape of the particle rather than the probable position of a point. There are no fields within the circlon particles and all interactions result from physical contact between the particles at different levels of their structure. For example, the structure of an electron within a hydrogen atom has seven different levels of structure going from the classical electron radius re to its radiated photons. These levels extend over a size range of over 32,000,000 from the electron radius to the Lyman series of photons.

A golf ball rolling down a cobblestone road passes over one stone at a time and has a changing position that corresponds to individual stones, whereas a Cadillac traveling down the same road has a position corresponding to a changing group of many stones but never a single stone. The Uncertainty Principle results from the quantum theorist’s desire to view the Cadillac as a golf ball and the inherent inability to confine its position to a single cobblestone.