The physics of the Living Universe vs the physics of the Big Bang

This scenario for the Living Universe is compatible with all of the physical evidence that has been presented as support for the standard model of the Big Bang. It accounts for each component of the Big Bang theory but at the same time avoids the many paradoxes and contradictions inherent in Big Bang cosmology.

This account of the Living Universe does not deviate at all from the basic values and parameters of the standard model descriptions of the physics of the hydrogen atom. This is not so much the history of the universe as it is the history of the hydrogen atom. It merely follows the sequence of events that occur to hydrogen atoms as the mass of their electrons decrease. No exotic new particles have been proposed, it doesn’t begin with a singularity and their is no violation of any of the most basic conservation laws. Unlike the Big Bang theory, no new laws, particles, dimensions or interactions need be introduced in order to explain the relevant astronomical observations.

Nothing new is really said about the hydrogen atom. I picture the hydrogen atom with my circlon models of nuclear and atomic structure, but the circlon model is not needed to explain this whole scenario. However you picture the hydrogen atom in your mind, you should be able to plug that picture into the evolutionary scenario that has been presented here. The whole process logically flows from one sequence to the next without the introduction of any paradoxes or exotic ideas. The whole process strictly adheres to the widely accepted basic principles of both nuclear physics and the electrodynamics of hydrogen. The principle of Gravitational Expansion has been an integral part of this explanation but either Einstein’s or Newton’s theories of gravity can also work adequately well within the presentation. The only thing new, in the Living Universe, is a novel way of explaining the evolutionary history of the hydrogen atom through a transformation in electron mass. The Living Universe model is compatible with basically all of the experimental data that has been accumulated for photons, atoms and particles of matter.

In the Living Universe, the evolution of matter results from the gradual decrease in the mass of the electron. The universe is said to be “living” because it has evolved through the reproduction of eternal particles of matter. Like any complex organism, the universe began as a single “cell” and then through constant cell division reached its present state.

In order to better understand its workings, the history of the Living Universe is divided into several different eras in which changing “constants” and parameters transform the properties of matter. The passage from one era to the next is caused by both abrupt and gradual phase transitions in the nature of the interactions between the proton and electron and in the properties of the neutron and the hydrogen atom. The laws and the constants of nature are basically the same as they are in other theories of the universe except that, in the Living Universe, some of these laws and “constants” gradually grow and transform over long periods of time.

To better illustrate the history of the universe, I have used my own conceptual mechanical models of the photon, proton, electron, neutron and hydrogen atom. These models help me think about matter in a more concrete way, but they are definitely not needed to validate the Living Universe model. As long as you can accept the assumption that the mass of the electron can change, then the standard models of physics and quantum mechanics will work equally well to explain the basic dynamics of this evolutionary model of the universe. The basic parameters of my atomic models are the same as those of Quantum Mechanics except that photons have mass and particles are not points. In the Living Universe, all of the standard conservation laws of physics remain intact, whereas in the Big Bang theory most are violated.